Dark circles under the eyes are quite common, with both genders getting equally affected. Dark circles may make your appearance dull and fatigued, and you start looking old. You look tired and unhealthy all the time when these dark circles are accompanied by bags. The situation gets worse when you have tried on several alternatives but still couldn’t get rid of these. It’s then that they start searching for a permanent treatment for dark circles.
Who Are The Most Affected?
Anyone can get affected by dark circles, which simply lower your beauty. The dark circles are most common in the elderly, people with darker skin tones and the ones who have a genetic predisposition to the condition.
What Are The Most Probable Causes?
A multitude of factors contributes to the dark circles under the eyes. Of them, fatigue is the most common factor. Apart from this, other causes for dark circles around the eyes are:
People get affected by these dark circles to such an extent that they launch their quest for the best dark circles under eyes treatment. Sometimes, there is a need for lifestyle changes such as a change in diet and improved sleeping habits. The causes can make the area around the eyes appear darker as the blood vessels get constricted. This causes hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation happens when more melanin is produced in the body. The darkness below the eyes can also be due to the thinning of the skin around the eyes.
Reduced levels of fatty tissue below the eyes may also be responsible for creating dark circles. Another cause may be anemia due to the deficiency of iron in the body of the individual. Not just these; thyroid conditions, smoking, and eye drop treatment for glaucoma (like bimatoprost) can also be the cause for the dark circles.
What Can Be Effective Treatments?
Some medical treatments are available to diminish the appearance of dark circles and to form the most effective and permanent solution. While some people prefer dermatologist treatment for dark circles, others prefer to try a hand on the home remedies first before moving on to the medical treatments. A few of the first-line treatments for dark circles under the eyes are alteration in the diet, improved sleeping habits that include quality sleep, elevating the head during the sleep, and the cosmetic treatment of applying make up.
Other common treatments are chemical peels to reduce pigmentation, fat removal to reveal a smoother and even surface ( by removing excess fat and skin), medical tattoos that involve injecting the pigment into thinning skin areas, surgical implants of fat or synthetic products, and tissue fillers that suppress the blood vessels and melanin that cause skin discoloration around the eyes.
Bleaching creams can be beneficial as they reduce hyperpigmentation. Tretinoin, hydroquinone or a combination of both these can be used. Hydroquinone has to be used for at least three months to see some effect. Topical Vitamin C is another remedy for the condition. 10 % Vitamin C lotion is used in the treatment of dark circles for a period of six months. It is quite effective and lightens the darkness around the eyes.
Kojic acid and Azelaic acid are also effective in treating the condition. Kojic acid is a natural product but may cause side effects. However, azelaic acid is safe to use and treats hyperpigmentation under the eyes.
There are cases where other treatment options are not preferred by the people and they simply opt for laser treatment for dark circles. This treatment vaporizes the damaged cells by using heat energy. The treatment may also induce new collagen formation along with lightening the dark skin tones. It treats the condition safely and effectively. It stimulates the rejuvenation of skin tissues as it focuses on intense light and heat on the target area.
Various laser therapy treatments address the dark circles around the eyes and the treatment option is best suited for the underlying causes. If you choose the appropriate laser type for the efficacy of your treatment, then you will surely avoid any negative side effects to the treatment. The treatment options for the condition are countless but you must know about them and then opt for the one that suits your needs. Not everyone wants to go for lasers.