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Synopsis of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation could be a widespread harmless skin condition. It can affect any skin type. It is the surface discolouration of the skin. Hyperpigmentation is the condition within which patches on the surface of the skin turn a shade darker in colour than the standard surface of the skin. These results due to the surplus production of melanin that resides within the dermis of the skin. Melanocytes reproduce melanin. Melanin has a vital role in pigmentation. It is chargeable for the pigmentation in skin, hair, and eye colour. The darkening occurs because of the overproduction of melanin. If hyperpigmentation is distressing you, visit the best treatment for pigmentation on the face for advice.
The intrinsic factors of Hyperpigmentation
- Exposure to the Sun –
The overproduction of melanin is directly proportional to exposure to the sun. Melanin protects the body from UV light and results in a dark surface or patches on the skin.
- Hormonal Imbalance –
The disturbance in the hormone can also lead to hyperpigmentation.
- Medical conditions –
Conditions such as autoimmune disease, Addison’s disease, and hemochromatosis.
- Skin Surface Injury –
The surface area of the skin can darken after the individual undergoes inflammation or burns of the skin.
- During Pregnancy –
When the body undergoes hormonal changes, it leads to melasma. It is an intrinsic hormone-induced pigmentation.
- Reaction to various drugs – Drugs like an antidepressant, antimalarial, etc. They are the intrinsic cause of pigmentation. Stop by for the treatment for pigmentation on the face to your dermatologist.
- Age factor – As the skin ages, it changes its form, and the production of melanin is affected.
Glossary of physiological Hyperpigmentation
It is a scattered clump of pigment that is widespread on the skin. It is also referred to as Ephelides. They are the most familiar example of pigmentation.
This pigmentation goes deeper in the dermis of the skin. It is due to hormonal imbalance. It is called melasma. They are identified as large brown spots on the face or the body surface. They mostly occur during pregnancy or due to the intake of oral contraceptives.
- Age spots or liver spots:
They develop due to repeated exposure to sunlight that results in brown or black colour on the surface of your skin.
- Solar lentigines:
It is also referred to as sunspots. They may develop anywhere on the body. They can develop into carcinogenic cells.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation:
These pigments occur due to the result of acne, friction, burns, or injury.
- Chemical peels:
They help to lighten the pigment on your face.
- Lightening creams:
- Liquorice extract
This helps in skin lighting.
- Laser treatment:
It is very effective and tends to be more accurate, as the dermatologist has control over the intensity of the treatment.
This laser facial treatment includes:
- Hyperpigmentation treatment.
- Freckle removal.
- The uneven skin tone on the face.
- Intense pulse light therapy (IPL):
It is identically known as photo facial therapy. This therapy stimulates collagen synthesis and regenerates the cells. Call upon treatment for pigmentation on the face to your dermatologist for their guidance.
- Medical Microdermabrasion:
It is a less invasive method used to regenerate skin cells. It helps to treat the thick and dull skin to brighten up.
- Red Onions:
They contain vitamin C and are known for their antioxidant properties. The task benefits to lighten up hyperpigmentation.
- Aloe Vera Leaf:
It carries aloin compounds that can lighten hyperpigmentation. It acts as an inhibitor in the manufacturing of melanin.
Hyperpigmentation is a very ordinary skin condition. It is usually harmless. The individual can get rid of using removal techniques such as cosmetic treatments, creams, and home remedies, etc.